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      您的當前位置:中國歷史 > 隋朝歷史 > 開皇之治出現的原因和內容

      開皇之治出現的原因和內容

      時間:2018-06-17 10:04:48 編輯:中國歷史
      導讀: 開皇之治出現的原因?開皇之治的內容?開皇之治是隋朝隋文帝楊堅開創的的盛世,在開皇之治中隋朝的百姓安居樂業、國泰民安,是中國史上少數地在戰后迅速恢復的時期。

        開皇之治是隋朝隋文帝楊堅開創的的盛世,在開皇之治中隋朝的百姓安居樂業、國泰民安,是中國史上少數地在戰后迅速恢復的時期。那么開皇之治出現的原因是什么呢?開皇之治的內容又有哪些呢?

      開皇之治出現的原因和內容

        開皇之治出現的原因

        每一個盛世王朝出現的最大前提就是國家安定,無戰亂。在隋文帝的管治之下,隋朝統一全國,成為了中國歷史上第三次國家大一統的朝代。在國家一統的條件下,民族的融合,物產的豐富,道路的便利等等使得經濟發展,民生安定。

        政治的穩定和扶助。隋文帝廢除了九品中正制,實行五省六部制以及科舉制度,這讓隋朝的政治清明,比以往由士族掌控的朝廷要公正得多。在民生方面,隋文帝采取輕徭薄賦,推行均田制,并清查無戶籍人口,大范圍地做到了人人有地可種,有田可耕。在經濟方面,隋文帝命人開墾漕渠,這也是后期京杭大運河開發的前身。另外,隋文帝還改革錢幣,廢除了私人制作的錢幣,統一貨幣為五銖錢。

        隋文帝的諸多做法都成為了后世模仿的政治策略。特別是唐朝的制度,幾乎是照搬照抄的隋朝制度。開皇之治的出現,讓遭受了多年戰亂的老百姓過上了安居樂業的生活。可惜隋朝的強盛轉瞬即逝,僅僅幾十年的時間,國家再又再次分崩離析,動蕩不安。

        開皇之治的內容

        開皇之治的內容主要分為政治、經濟和文化三個方面。

        在政治方面,隋文帝廢除了過去的九品中正制度,并設立了三省六部制,大大加強了中央集權。在地方上,隋文帝將地域區域更改為州縣兩級,極大減少了人力物力資源的浪費。隋文帝根據當時的狀況,還制定了一系列的新的政治體制、土地制度和法律等等。

      開皇之治出現的原因和內容

        在文化方面,隋文帝命人保留了許多古老的文化典籍。而且科舉考試制度的設立,也讓他成為讀書人心中尊崇的對象。科舉制度的出現,讓隋朝一直保持著欣欣向榮,上進讀書的氛圍。

        在經濟方面,隋文帝統一國家貨幣為五銖錢;開鑿水渠,便捷人們南來北往進行經濟發展的交通;隋文帝還實行均田制,讓老百姓有田可種,能生活安定;同時,隋文帝還一直實施輕徭薄賦的政策,讓百姓免受苛捐雜稅之苦。

        開皇之治雖然歷經的時間不長,但是其中許多舉措都流芳千古,非常值得后人借鑒。

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