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      清朝閉關鎖國的影響

      時間:2019-01-01 14:03:13 編輯:中國歷史
      導讀: 【閉關鎖國的影響】清朝閉關鎖國的影響有哪些?公元1757年,乾隆下令除了廣州地區,其余地區禁止對外貿易,即一口通商政策.這標志著清政府徹底實行閉關鎖國政策.那么,清朝閉關鎖國政策有哪些

        閉關鎖國有什么影響?公元1757年(乾隆二十二年),乾隆皇帝下令除了廣州地區,其余地區禁止對外貿易,即“一口通商”政策。這標志著清政府徹底實行閉關鎖國政策。閉關鎖國政策嚴格限制對外交通、貿易的外交政策,包括對來華外人的商務活動、居留期限、華夷交往等作出限制,實行“海禁”,但仍留有廣州一帶與外國通商。乾隆皇帝的這項決定一直都被認為是導致近代中國落后于西方國家的主要原因之一。那么,清朝閉關鎖國的影響有哪些呢?

        閉關鎖國的影響一、阻礙了中外文明的交流。

        清政府對西方國家的科學、文化、技術等,閉目塞聽,不愿意學習了解,甚至舍其所長而取其所短,使西方先進的科學和領先的生產技術無法傳進中國。知識分子依然死守舊例舊制,埋頭八股,脫離現實,與世隔絕。可悲的不是我們的落后,可悲的是我們把自己鎖在一個自己編織的美好世界里不能自拔。

      清朝閉關鎖國的影響有哪些?

        閉關鎖國的影響二、阻礙生產技術的發展,失去了對外貿易的主動權。

        清朝閉關鎖國政策還嚴重地阻礙及其他主產的發展和技術的進步,在出口貨物中茶葉占有很大的比重,主要產于福建、安徽等地,清政府禁止了就近從海上出口,必須運往廣州再出口,經過長途運輸,不僅時間長,茶葉容易變質,而且被沿途的關卡層層敲詐勒索,增加了成本,顯然對茶葉生產的發展是個障礙。

        閉關鎖國的影響三、對西方殖民活動有一定的防衛作用。

        閉關鎖國政策在一定程度上,打擊了海上走私和海盜侵略沿海地區的行為,對外國人的侵略者的活動,具有一定防衛作用。但這不是防止侵略的辦法。資本主義的本性就是要侵略其他國家,中國能不能抵御外來侵略,而決不能依靠這種政策來改變侵略者的本性,更無法阻礙侵略國家力量的增長。閉關鎖國只會作繭自縛,阻礙中國經濟的發展,扼殺中國的生機和進取精神。

        閉關鎖國的影響四、嚴重阻礙國內資本主義的萌芽。

        自明朝中葉后就開始了閉關鎖國,到了清朝更加嚴重,極大地限制了對外貿易,限制造船出海,資本的原始積累,國內工商業的發展。在閉關政策下是何等艱難,這樣的環境之下資本主義萌芽更加難以茁壯成長。

        此外,清朝閉關鎖國是防止外國人“滋擾生事”,但是卻阻斷了中國和西方國家之間的貿易,使原本的稀疏的資本生產不復存在,這種辦法是狹隘的、落后的。閉關國門只能使自己在經濟上不斷萎縮。沒有起到抵擋外國“滋擾生事”的作用。

      閉關鎖國的影響

        由此能看出,閉關鎖國政策是封建專制以及自給自足的自然經濟的必然產物,目的是要維護封建專制統治,阻止封建經濟解體。實現閉關鎖國,使中國自動放棄了對外貿易的主動權,阻礙社會生產的發展與進步,使中國與世界脫節,不能同與西方國家先進的科學知識和生產技術進行交流,使得中國逐漸落后西方國家。隨著時間的增長,差距越來越大,最后使清朝走向了滅亡。因此,閉關鎖國對中國的影響是相當大的。

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